Department of Homeland Security Sued Over Secret Traveller Files
|We'll collect all this personal information, y'see. And then we'll make a giant database...|
"This is not something I'm doing lightly, or that I'm doing every day, or that I like doing," said Hasbrouck, who has long been the U.S. media's go-to guy on the subject of traveling travails. But "I think it's important for people to know about this surveillance program, and to understand what kind of dossiers are being kept, and how that information is being used."
The surveillance program in question is called the Automated Targeting System. It requires airlines to collect information on travelers. The government then analyzes and cross-references that information in search of terrorists and other possible law-breakers. The project bears similarities to Total Information Awareness, the private data-collection system helmed by Admiral John Poindexter during the early 2000s. According to a 2006 ATS report:
ATS standardizes names, addresses, conveyance names, and similar data so these
data elements can be more easily associated with other business data and personal information to form a more complete picture of a traveler, import, or export in context with previous behavior of the parties involved. Every traveler and all shipments are processed through ATS, and are subject to a real-time rule based evaluation
Hasbrouck has been researching and writing about the program since it was first revealed five years ago. He's made requests, under the Privacy Act and the Freedom of Information Act, for data collected about him. Yet, he says, the agency has failed to release a full accounting of his file. With the help of attorneys from Oakland's First Amendment Project, Hasbrouck has sued demanding the government provide him with his entire Automated Targeting System data trove.
Since he began his crusade, Hasbrouck has been contacted by other travelers who have made Freedom of Information Act requests for information collected about them.
"This is a guilt-by-association machine," he said. "Let's say they say you're linked to terrorists. What does that mean? Today, being linked to terrorist could mean you stayed at the same hotel and used the same phone number. Due to these mirror associations, you are going to be subjected to interrogations, or be prevented from traveling."
The government isn't the only entity in a position to abuse this information. Airlines are required to collect this information from international travelers, and the government doesn't adequately prevent those companies from using the information themselves. Hasbrouck theorizes the information could be valuable to companies wishing to track the voyages of a competitor's sales staff, as a form of industrial espionage.
"There is a lot of stuff that shows our associations with other people. That includes friends' phone numbers, or the place we were staying when we confirmed a flight. I've seen one person's file that shows not merely who they were travelling with, and the other person's gender, but whether they asked for one bed or two in a hotel room, because their hotel was booked through the same reservation as their flight. The airline, and the government, can look behind your hotel room seeing who's sleeping with who."
J. Edgar Hoover might have been proud.
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